By Christopher Miller, MBA
Specialized Wealth Management
Happy New Year! We are currently in a hot real estate market where properties are selling well. Why not take advantage of this market to sell some of your less desirable properties? If you could sell the “dogs of your portfolio” quickly today, why risk waiting until the market turns when they could sit on the market for a long time? And remember that price cuts often come from sitting on the market for a long time.
As many of my readers know, I specialize in finding partial-interest properties for investors – many of whom are completing 1031 exchanges. I will often sit down with a potential client who likes what I do, and would like to start by selling one of his properties to exchange into one of mine. “Which property should I sell first?” is his question. To answer this question, I will examine his real estate portfolio and pick out the underperformers.
This could be a great time for you to weed out those “dogs” in your portfolio. Through evaluating all your properties, you may find some that are great candidates for a sale followed by a “trade up” to a more attractive investment. When evaluating a portfolio for “what – if anything – to sell first,” this is what I look for:
Properties that Have Sufficient Equity
I ran into this problem more during the recession than I do recently. The leverage on a property is important to consider when thinking about a sale. Remember that, for a completely tax-deferred 1031 exchange, you will need to buy a replacement property with at least the amount of equity from your sale and a new loan for at least the payoff amount of your old loan. If you have a property that could sell for $2 million, but has a $1.7 million mortgage on it; this is a high level of debt to replace. (An 85% Loan-to-Value ratio.) With my properties – such high leverage is possible, but your selection will be limited to 1 or 2 deals.
Properties with Low Return on Equity – They Aren’t Cash Flowing Well
We all buy rental real estate for the cash flow, so it makes sense to sell properties that aren’t doing it well. I recommend calculating your current cash-on-cash return. To do this, make a reasonable estimate of your property’s value, (I could help with an opinion here.) Next, deduct your loan balance from your value estimation to get your current equity. Third, you’ll need to find your Net Income. We’re not concerned with your Gross Income – you are concerned with what you take home. To do this, take your gross rents and subtract all your expenses – including your loan payments.
Once you have your net income figure – divide it by your current equity amount. This gives you your current cash-on-cash return. Is it 4%, 3%, even less? You can probably do better by putting that equity into something with a higher return.
Properties that Have Problems
Does one of your properties take a lot of maintenance time, energy and money? Does one of them need a new roof or re-stuccoing in the next 5 years or so? Does it create headaches from rent control and/or problem tenants? The seller’s market of today could be a great opportunity to trade your “opportunity” to an eager investor. Let him worry about those grey clouds hovering in that building’s future.
Properties that are Just Inconvenient
As traffic has worsened in the Los Angeles area, drives that once took 45 minutes can take closer to two hours – especially during rush hour. In many metropolitan areas, an out-and-back trip that used to take all morning now takes all day. I recently had a few clients, lifelong Los Angeles residents, who retired and moved “away from the crowds” to the Inland Empire. They soon found long-distance property management to be too time-consuming for them. Selling these properties an exchanging into a property that requires less management can gain you more of the most precious of things: your time.
Now May Be a Good Time to Look at Your Portfolio
Whenever a major event happens, (maybe a tenant in a single-family rental vacates, or we find ourselves in a booming market such as today), I like to perform a quick “should I trade for something else, or should I hold on?” analysis of my personal rental properties. With today’s market delivering a steady supply of potential buyers and attractive sales prices: maybe you should, too. If you have any questions, the toll-free number of my office is (877) 313-1868.
Christopher Miller is a Managing Director with Specialized Wealth Management and specializes in tax-advantaged investments including 1031 replacement properties. Chris’ real estate experience includes work in commercial appraisal, in institutional acquisitions for a national real estate syndicator and as an advisor helping clients through over three hundred 1031 Exchanges. Chris has been featured as an expert in several industry publications and on television and earned an undergraduate business degree and an MBA emphasizing Real Estate Finance from the University of Southern California. Chris began his real estate career in 1998, began working in the partial interest industry in 2001 and has been a broker advising clients since 2003. Call him toll-free at (877) 313 – 1868.
This does not constitute an offer to buy or sell any security. Investments in securities are not suitable for all investors. Investment in any security may involve a high degree of risk and investors should review all “Risk Factors” before investing. Investors should perform their own due diligence before considering any investment. Past performance and/or forward-looking statements are never an assurance of future results. Examples given in this article are for illustrative purposes only. Individual results may vary based on IRS tax changes, market conditions or tenant occupancy. SANDLAPPER Securities, LLC nor Specialized Wealth Management/Chris Miller do not give tax or legal advice. We recommend that you seek advice from your tax and/or legal professional before investing. Securities offered through Sandlapper Securities, LLC. Headquarters: 800 E. North Street, 2nd Floor, Greenville, SC 29601. Member FINRA/SIPC. Specialized Wealth Management is not affiliated with Sandlapper Securities, LLC. California Insurance License # 0I80282. Copyright 2018 Specialized Wealth Management. All rights reserved.